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Gastrointestinal cancer

Gastrointestinal cancer is generally a group of cancers affecting organs like stomach, esophagus, gall bladder, bowels, rectum, anus, liver, and pancreas. The cancer can form a mass or ulcer within the stomach or it can spread diffusely throughout the entire wall of the stomach. Stomach cancer is also called gastric cancer.

Most gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) occur in the stomach or small intestine. These tumors often grow into the empty space inside the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, so they might not cause symptoms right away unless they are in a certain location or reach a certain size.

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Change in bowel habits
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Unusual weight loss

Causes

  • Smoking
  • Too much alcohol consumption
  • Age
  • High animal fat diet
  • High amount of salt intake
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Obesity

Treatment

Radiation Therapy – At cancer centre, our doctors are some of the experts in their respective fields and have access to the most advanced technologies (3DCRT, IMRT, IGRT) available to provide for your best care. To treat gastrointestinal cancers, IMRT (intensity modulated radiation therapy) is widely used which enables high accuracy while ensuring minimal damage to other organs like liver, kidneys, and spinal cord. Moreover, IMRT allows doctors to deliver radiation to hard-to-reach areas.

Next Steps...

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